Definitions of the four dimensions[ edit ] Locus of control[ edit ] The locus of control construct indicates a tendency for individuals to attribute life's events to their own doing or to outside forces beyond their control. There are two basic classifications of locus of control: Internals believe they control their own environment whereas externals believe outside forces control their lives. Those high in neuroticism react more negatively to stress, are prone to anxiety, and susceptible to feelings of helplessness.
We've translated all of these definitions and a few more into Plain English in order to make them easier to understand. Access control includes both access authorization and access restriction.
It refers to all the steps that are taken to selectively authorize and restrict entry, contact, or use of assets. Access authorizations and restrictions are often established in accordance with business and security requirements.
To make an entity accountable means to assign actions and decisions to that entity and to expect that entity to be answerable for those actions and decisions.
Therefore, accountability is the state of being answerable for the actions and decisions that have been assigned. An analytical model is an algorithm or calculation that combines one or more base or derived measures with a set of decision criteria. Analytical models are used to facilitate and support decision making.
An asset is any tangible or intangible thing or characteristic that has value to an organization. There are many types of assets. Some of these include obvious things like machines, facilities, patents, and software.
But the term can also include less obvious things like services, information, and people, and characteristics like reputation and image or skill and knowledge. An attack is any unauthorized attempt to access, use, alter, expose, steal, disable, or destroy an asset.
An attribute is any distinctive feature, characteristic, or property of an object that can be identified or isolated quantitatively or qualitatively by either human or automated means. An audit is an evidence gathering process. Evidence is used to evaluate how well audit criteria are being met.
Audits must be objective, impartial, and independent, and the audit process must be both systematic and documented. Audits can be internal or external. Internal audits are referred to as first-party audits while external audits can be either second or third party.
They can also be combined audits when two or more management systems of different disciplines are audited together at the same time. The scope of an audit is a statement that specifies the focus, extent, and boundary of a particular audit.
The scope could be specified by defining the physical location of the audit, the organizational units that will be examined, the processes and activities that will be included, and the time period that will be covered.
Authentication is a process that is used to confirm that a claimed characteristic of an entity is actually correct. To authenticate is to verify that a characteristic or attribute that appears to be true is in fact true.
Authenticity is a property or characteristic of an entity. An entity is authentic if it is what it claims to be. Availability is a property or characteristic. Something is available if it is accessible and usable when an authorized entity demands access. A base measure is both an attribute or property of an entity and the method used to quantify it.
Business continuity is a corporate capability. An organization is capable of business continuity whenever it is capable of delivering its products and services at acceptable predefined levels after disruptive incidents occur.
Organizations use business continuity procedures and processes to help ensure that operations continue after disruptive incidents occur.
Competence means being able to apply knowledge and skill to achieve intended results. Being competent means having the knowledge and skill that you need and knowing how to apply it.
Being competent means that you know how to do your job. Confidentiality is a characteristic that applies to information. To protect and preserve the confidentiality of information means to ensure that it is not made available or disclosed to unauthorized entities.
In this context, entities include both individuals and processes. Conformity is the "fulfillment of a requirement". To conform means to meet or comply with requirements. There are many types of requirements.
There are information security requirements, customer requirements, contractual requirements, regulatory requirements, statutory requirements, and so on.
A consequence is the outcome of an event.There are several different types of training methods used to acclimate an employee to a new job or even to a new position within his current organization.
This study describes an attempt to develop an integrative model of job search and employee recruitment. Inevitably multi-level in nature, the model demonstrates the interplay between organizational-level factors and individual-level factors in influencing the outcomes of employee recruitment and job search activities.
Preliminary versions of economic research. Did Consumers Want Less Debt? Consumer Credit Demand Versus Supply in the Wake of the Financial Crisis. Abstract.
Background: A vast number of published studies have suggested a link between job satisfaction levels and health. The sizes of the relationships reported vary widely. Narrative overviews of this relationship have been published, but no systematic meta-analysis review has been conducted.
The Impact of Job Stress and Job Satisfaction on Workforce Productivity in an Iranian Petrochemical Industry. Excel spreadsheets for pH calculation, virtual titration, analysis and simulation of potentiometric acid base titrations.