Tourgee and Samuel Field Phillips. Justices On the majority side, the opinion was written by Chief Justice Marshall. If this be so, it is not by reason of anything found in the act, but solely because the colored race chooses to put that construction upon it.
See Article History Plessy v. Ferguson, case in which the U. It served as a controlling judicial precedent until it was overturned by the Supreme Court in Brown v.
Board of Education of Topeka Ferguson and Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka were two of the U. Supreme Court's historic decisions on civil rights.
Homer Plessywho was seven-eighths white and one-eighth African American, purchased a rail ticket for travel within Louisiana and took a seat in a car reserved for white passengers. The state Supreme Court had ruled earlier that the law could not be applied to interstate travel.
After refusing to move to a car for African Americans, he was arrested and charged with violating the Separate Car Act. District CourtJudge John H. Ferguson dismissed his contention that the act was unconstitutional.
Supreme Court granted certiorariand oral arguments were heard on April 13, The court rendered its decision one month later, on May Constitution, which prohibited slavery, and the Fourteenth Amendmentwhich granted full and equal rights of citizenship to African Americans. Legal equality was adequately respected in the act because the accommodations provided for each race were required to be equal and because the racial segregation of passengers did not by itself imply the legal inferiority of either race—a conclusion supported, he reasoned, by numerous state-court decisions that had affirmed the constitutionality of laws establishing separate public schools for white and African American children.
The effect of the law, he argued, was to interfere with the personal liberty and freedom of movement of both African Americans and whites. Library of Congress, Washington, D.
In respect of civil rights, all citizens are equal before the law. The humblest is the peer of the most powerful. The law regards man as man, and takes no account of his surroundings or of his color when his civil rights as guaranteed by the supreme law of the land are involved.
Taney that African Americans were not entitled to the rights of U.In Plessy v. Ferguson (), the Supreme Court considered the constitutionality of a Louisiana law passed in "providing for separate railway carriages for the white and colored races." The.
Arrested and charged, Plessy petitioned the Louisiana Supreme Court for a writ against Ferguson, the trial court judge, to stop the proceedings against him for criminal violation of the State law.
But the Louisiana State Supreme Court refused. Following is the case brief for Plessy v.
Ferguson, United States Supreme Court, () Case Summary of Plessy v. Ferguson: Plessy, a Louisiana citizen of African American descent, was asked to move from the Caucasian railway car. State v. Gibson, 36 Indiana The distinction between laws interfering with the political equality of the negro and those requiring the separation of the two races in schools, theatres and railway carriages has been frequently drawn by this court.
Thus, in Strauder v. PLESSY v. FERGUSON, () No. Argued: Decided: May 18, That petitioner was a citizen of the United States and a resident of the state of Louisiana, of mixed descent, in the proportion of seven-e ghths Caucasian and one-eighth African blood; that the mixture of colored blood was not discernible in him, and that he was entitled to.
Plessy v. Ferguson was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation under the “separate but equal” doctrine.
The case stemmed from an incident in which African-American train passenger Homer Plessy refused to sit in a car for blacks.